Smeaton built his house to last, in stone. It was meticulously planned, all the way, and, remarkably, outlasted the rock it was founded on.

When replaced by the Douglass tower, it was dismantled and re-erected in Plymouth, where it may still be seen.


Above, Monamy. Below, a lithograph of Smeaton’s lighthouse, after J.M.W.Turner, 1824. See here.

Turner was not influenced by Monamy’s lighthouse paintings, which he had probably never seen; but he seems to have been fully aware of Monamy’s storm scenes. The lithograph comes from Sunday at Home, published 1869. Both the images to right above, circa 1890-1910, from Ballantyne’s The Story of the Rock, and below, undated, appear to be influenced by Turner’s lighthouse scene. None of these pictures owes anything to van de Velde, but much to Monamy.

John Smeaton, along with Benjamin Franklin, was a corresponding member of the Lunar Society of Birmingham, which existed from 1765 until 1813 and has been described as “the revolutionary committee of that most far reaching of all the eighteenth century revolutions, the Industrial Revolution”. See here.

winstanley’s lighthouse 1: M1
winstanley’s lighthouse 1: M3
winstanley’s lighthouse 2
rudyerd’s lighthouse: M2
smeaton’s lighthouse
miscellaneous lighthouses
lighthouse paintings composition

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